The Self-Determination for Youth with Intellectual Disabilities in Taiwan

Prof. Hung-Chih Lin
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Concern over self-determination for youth with disabilities in Taiwan has gained increasing attention in the past decade. This concern has resulted in a strong agreement on the benefits of assisting youth with disabilities in leading a more independent life. Yet, the culture of Taiwan is strongly rooted in Confucianism, family values, as well as patriarchy, and exercise these influences within the special education in Taiwan. Thus, people with disabilities throughout their educational experience and into their adult life, are sometimes limited or denied the opportunity to take risks, make decision, and therefore experience these highly prized values. This research examined the self-determination issues and results for youth with intellectual disabilities in Taiwan through qualitative inquiry. Intense participatory interviews and thick interpretation on self-determination with 8 junior-high-school youth with intellectual disabilities were conducted and employed. Five domains parallel to the five needs in Maslow's Need-Hierarchy Theory that related to self-determination outcomes were determined by descriptive analytical synthesis and grounded theory. They are self-determinations on basic physical needs, on safety needs, on love and belongingness needs, on self-esteem needs, and on self-actualization needs. Recommendations are offered concerning the implications of these findings for youth with intellectual disabilities, their family, their community, the special education, and further research.

Keywords: Youth with intellectual disabilities, Self-determination, Qualitative study, Taiwan
Stream: Disability, Health
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: Self-Determination for Youth with Intellectual Disabilities in Taiwan, The

Prof. Hung-Chih Lin

Department of Special Education , National Changhua University of Education

Hung-Chih Lin, Ph. D. of University of Minnesota, is a professor of Department of Special Education at the National Changhua University of Education in Taiwan. Dr Lin received his Bachelor degree and Master degree of education at the National Taiwan Normal University. Before being a faculty at the current University, Dr Lin had been a registered teacher for seven years at vocational industrial senior high school in Taiwan. Due to a love for truth and humanism, Dr Lin has had a strong interest in teaching, doing research, and an enthusiasm in helping individuals with disabilities. As a special-education professor in Taiwan, Dr Lin is not only a full-time instructor for both the undergraduate teacher-preparation program as well as the Master and Doctoral graduate programs, but also a researcher and special-education consultant at the Center of Special Education affiliated with the Department. For his teaching and research, Dr Lin has done advanced work in multiple/severe disabilities, transition services, self-determination, assistive technology, and quality of life for individuals with disabilities. Dr Lin has also published about seventies of research papers and monographs in various English and Chinese periodicals/journals as well as authored and co-authored for several books.

Ref: D05P0208