National Anniversaries in Greece: Teachers' Attitudes Towards the Role of National Celebrations in Greek Schools

Dr. Paraskevi Golia,
Ifigenia Vamvakidou,
Sophia Anastasiadou,
Dr Argyris Kyridis
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The ideological treatment of Human Sciences and the "narcissist" perception of the Greek state constitute the specific features of the Greek social and political system. School, as a fundamental social institution and a dominant ideological state mechanism, is engaged both as an establishment and as a network of practices and special methods in order to serve national goals. Curricula, textbooks, teaching methods, school management, parades and festivities are mechanisms employed by schools in order to attain "national" goals. In the present study, we aim at discussing Greek teachers' viewpoints about the role of national celebrations. More specifically, the study is based on the written answers to questions-statements of a Likert's five grade given by 433 primary school teachers during the academic year 2003-04. The corpus of data was analyzed on the basis of Factor Analysis, which enables the understanding of the response patterns of the social subjects-teachers and facilitates the identification of the variables that distinguish each factor and contribute to its development. The results indicated the predominance of ethnocentric attitudes and the necessity of organizing national celebrations. Only a few ideological variances were observed.

Keywords: National anniversaries, National memory, National socialization, Teachers
Stream: Identity, Belonging
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: National Anniversaries in Greece

Dr. Paraskevi Golia

Ph. D., Pedagogic School of Florina, University of West Macedonia (Florina)

Teacher of Primary Education. Graduate of Pedagogic Academy Florina in 1986 and of Pedagogic Department of Education of Florina, Aristotle University, in 1998. She attended Postgraduate Studies in Pedagogic- Humanities and Historical Studies at the same University. MS in faculty of Education, Pedagogic Department of Florina, Aristotle University Thessaloniki: ''Ideological Direction of the Greek Students of Ex Soviet Union (1925-1937): A research in language school books''. She is candidate for a Ph. D. in Educational Politics at the University of West Macedonia (Florina, Greece) and she is assistant in teaching Modern History. She has published several papers in Greek and European scientific journals about pedagogic. She had created also educational software in education.

Ifigenia Vamvakidou

Lecturer, Department of Preschool Education, Pedagogic School, University of West Macedonia

Ifigenia Vamvakidou has studied Modern History and Philosophy of History at the University of Salonica. She has obtained her Ph. D. in Modern History of Greece at the same University and attended Postgraduated Studies in Philosophy of History at the same University. She is currently a lecturer at the University of West Macedonia (Florina, Greece), where she teaches Modern History, Cultural Studies and History of Art and Education. She has published several papers in Greek and European scientific journals about intercultural teaching of history and History of Art. She is the writer of the book in Greek: Thraces in 1821 and the artistic monuments as historical sources.

Sophia Anastasiadou

Lecturer, Pedagogic Preschool of Florina, University of West Macedonia

Sofia Anastasiadou holds a BSc from the Department of Mathematics of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki in Greece, a Master degree in Mathematics Education from Surrey University Kingston in Great Bretagne. She has obtained her Ph. D. in Multidimensional Statistical Analysis at the Macedonia University of Thessaloniki in Greece. She is currently a Lecturer of Applied Statistics and Educational Research in the Department of Preschool Education University of Western Macedonia in Greece. Apart form Statistics and Mathematics Education in Primary, Secondary and Higher Education her research interests are also focused in the Analysis and Interpretation of Multivariate Data for Social Science. Sofia Anastasiadou has published several papers in Greek, European and International Scientific Journals.

Dr Argyris Kyridis

Associate Professor, Pedagogic School, University of West Macedonia

Ref: D05P0263