The Schooling of Girls in the Bakhtiari Tribe of Iran
Since the revolution in 1979 the educational system in Iran has been undergoing quantitative and qualitative changes. The current structure of Iranian education consists of four cycles; primary, middle, and secondary. General education is free and education is compulsory between the ages of 6-14. Basic education is provided in urban, rural, and tribal schools. While the educational system remains centralized to this day, for the past eight years, during Katami's presidency, Iran has slowly transitioned to a more liberal society. The current political situation of the government allows for a smooth transition to a decentralized system of education, that permits community participation for selection and revision in school curricula at the local level. For the past several years the number of technical-vocational schools has increased remarkably and much effort has been made to recruit more female students to technical-vocational education. As noted by iranchamber (2001) "Iran is one of the few developing countries with great success in girl's education. At present, girls comprise 49% of the total student population in the country. Attempts are being made to remove obstacles in the way of girls education and to provide equal educational opportunities for them. In 2000 the net intake rate was 97. 8% at primary, 90. 3% at lower secondary, and 69. 1% at upper levels." The purpose of this research is to investigate the extent to which the curriculum educates tribal girls. The subjects of this research project are educated in tribal or ethnic schools.
Keywords: Tribal education, Indigenous people and education, Equity in education, Gender education
Dr Cima Sedigh
Assistant Professor of Education, Department of Education, Sacred Heart University