What Greek Pupils Believe about People from Other Countries: Social and Cultural Stereotypes

Dr Argyris Kyridis,
Sophia Anastasiadou,
Nektaria Daskalaki,
Dr. Nektaria Palaiologou,
Dr. Paraskevi Golia
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People and especially children form more or less stable attitudes towards objects, persons or social conditions. Attitude is often affected by external stimuli, that is, information transformed into knowledge, categories and intellectual shapes and most of the social attitudes are stereotyped and dependent by the bipolar scheme "me" and the "other". That is the way people classify social surroundings according to the characteristics they assume they have in contrast to their own characteristics. Aim of this research is to investigate the ways of thinking as also the expressions that Greek children use to describe people of other nations. Greek children are asked to describe people with specific national or racial characteristics. In order to analyze their responses we used the AFC method (Analyse Factorielle des Correspondance) and the CAH method (Classification Ascendente Hierarchique). The analysis of the data revealed that Greek children have formulated certain attitudes towards other nationalities or races, which have been formulated by their relationship to Greece in a political, cultural or social level. Certain racial or cultural characteristics were considered as negative or positive according to the coincidence or antithesis according to Greek cultural or racial characteristics.

Keywords: Stereotypes, Greek Pupils, National Other, Racial Other
Stream: Nations, Nationalism, Communities
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English

Dr Argyris Kyridis

Associate Professor, Department of Preschool Education, University of Western Macedonia

Argyris Kyridis has studied Political Science and Sociology at the University of Athens. He has obtained his Ph. D. in Political Sociology — Sociology of Education at the same University and an M. Sc. in Politics and Sociology at Birkbeck College, University of London. He is currently a associate professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, where he teaches Sociology of Education, Research Methodology and Educational Policy. He has published several papers in Greek and European scientific journals. He is the writer or co-author of the following books (in Greek): Educational Inequality, School Discipline, Sociology of Preschool Education, Teachers facing ICT, Bibliology (3 Volumes), Inequalities in the Greek Educational System, Language Teaching with the Use of ICT in Preschool Education, The Social and Educational Characteristics of the students of the Faculty of Education at Florina.

Sophia Anastasiadou

Lecturer, Department of Preschool Education, University of Western Macedonia

Nektaria Daskalaki

Ph. D. student, Department of Preschool Education, University of Western Macedonia

Dr. Nektaria Palaiologou

Lecturer, Department of Preschool Education, University of Western Macedonia

Dr. Paraskevi Golia

Department of Elementary Education, University of Western Macedonia

Ref: D05P0282