Immigration, Ethnic Diversity and Tourism

Prof. Jock Collins,
Daniel Hiebert,
Ms. Min-Jung Kwak,
David Ley,
Ching Lin Pang,
Dr Jan Rath,
Patrick Kunz
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1) New economies of transnational immigration and tourism in Vancouver: Daniel Hiebert and Min-Jung Kwak. In this paper we explore the emerging complex systems that link Korea and Canada, through migration, tourism, and export education. We highlight the intersection of these processes and show how they are facilitated by a new generation of immigrant entrepreneurs that have transnational connections between Korea and Canada.
2) Mistaken identity? Vancouver's Chinatown in transition. Presenter: David Ley. A paradox confronts Vancouver's Chinatown, one of the oldest and largest in North America. In 1961 Chinatown was economically vibrant, housing 40 percent of the region's Chinese Canadians. In 2001, with sustained immigration, the Chinese-Canadian population is ten times larger but Chinatown is in decline, urgently requiring revitalization. This paradox may be understood as a case of mistaken identity. Ethnic heritage theming, undertaken under the rubric of well-meaning multiculturalism, has created a landscape in Chinatown attractive to tourists but no longer a place with which well-educated, hyper-modern new immigrants can identify.
3) Between The Dollar and the Dragon: The Rise and Decline of Chinatown, Washington D. C.: Ching Lin Pang and Jan Rath. Chinatown in Washington, D. C., fulfils most preconditions for the successful transformation of ethnic precincts into tourist attractions: it is safe, accessible, based on a positive attitude towards Chinese culture, connected to a larger leisure industry, and supported by the local government. There is nevertheless widespread concern about its lack of authenticity and Disneylike future. A specific interaction of the political and symbolic economy accounts for this perverse effect.
4) Producers, Consumers and the Critical Infrastructure in Four Sydney Ethnic Precincts: Jock Collins and Patrick Kunz. This paper presents the findings of recent fieldwork in four Sydney ethnic precincts (Chinatown, Little Italy, Auburn ("Little Turkey") and Cabramatta ("Vietnamatta"). In each precinct 25 consumers (purposive random sampled) who were tourists to the precinct broken up into 'co-ethnic', 'co-cultural' and 'Others' five immigrant entrepreneurs and five members of the critical infrastructure (local and state government officials, ethnic community leaders, the ethnic media) were interviewed. This paper summarizes the findings and comments on their implications for our understanding of the relationship between immigration, ethnic diversity and tourism.

Keywords: Immigration, Ethnic Diversity, Tourism, Chinatown, Ethnic Precincts, Ethnic Theming, Ethnic Shopping Malls, Ethnic Heritage, Authenticity, Critical Infrastructure
Stream: Immigration, Refugees
Presentation Type: Colloquium in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.

Prof. Jock Collins

Professor of Economics, School of Finance and Economics, University of Technology, Sydney

His books include 'Migrant Hands in a Distant Land: Australia's Postwar Immigration' (Pluto Press 1998 and 1991), 'A Shop Full of Dreams: Ethnic Small Business in Australia' (with others, Pluto Press 1995), 'Kebabs, Kids, Cops and Crime: Youth, ethnicity and crime' (with others, Pluto Press, 2000) and 'Cosmopolitan Sydney: Exploring the World in One City', (with Antonio Castillo, Pluto Press, 1998). His latest book, 'Bin Laden in the Suburbs: The criminalisation of the Arabic Other' (with Greg Nobel, Scott Poynting and Paul Tabar) was published by Federation Press, Sydney, 2004.

Daniel Hiebert

Professor of Geography, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia

Ms. Min-Jung Kwak

Graduate Student, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia

David Ley

Professor of Geography, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia

Ching Lin Pang

Graduate Student, Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology, KU Leuven

Dr Jan Rath

Director, Institute for Migration and Ethnic Studies, University of Amsterdam

Patrick Kunz

Graduate Student, School of Finance and Economics, University of Technology Sydney (UTS)

Ref: D05P0284