Differences Between Individualistic and Collectivistic Cultures' Motivation for Organizational Learning and Training
Different sciences differentiate culture based on the various criteria born by the different scientific worldviews they hold. For the purpose of this paper, one of the criteria is considered, namely the types of culture based on the relation of people to others and the world (Adler, 1997) — individualism and collectivism. A culture thus differentiated, inevitably suggests differences among people representing it, in terms of traits, worldviews, ideas, perceptions, previous experiences, behaviors, learning habits, thinking, as well as methods of instruction. And since every behavior has a drive, which is usually referred to as motivation, motivational differences for education/learning across individualistic and collectivistic cultures become the focus of the current literature review. The importance of the topic is underlined by the fact that differences in national culture call for differences in education styles, methods, and means, as well as motivation practices used in organizational learning by teachers, facilitators, and self-directed learners.
Keywords: Collectivistic Culture, Individualistic Culture, Motivation, Organizations, Organizational Learning, Training, Management Techniques
Dr. Danielle Dimitrov
Ed. D. Candidate, Department of Human Resources Development, George Washington University